A gluten-free diet requires the avoidance of all sources of gluten in the diet. Gluten is a protein found in wheat, rye and barley.
Which foods are naturally gluten-free?
The good news is that there are many foods that are naturally gluten-free:
- Potatoes, meat, poultry and fish, fruit and vegetables
- Most milk and dairy including milk, eggs, cheese, margarine, butter and
yogurt (but check for added ingredients!)
- Nuts, cooking oils, wine, spirits, cider, tea, coffee and fruit juices
- Some breakfast cereals, pasta and crackers made from rice and corn
Which foods should be avoided?
ALL foods made from wheat, barley, rye and their flours must be avoided:
- Bread, cakes, biscuits and pasta
- Breakfast cereals made from these grains
- Many manufactured and processed foods – fish fingers, chicken nuggets and all breaded and battered fish and meat, pastry, scotch eggs and yogurt with muesli
- Malted milk drinks, barley water, beer, lager, stout
What about oats?
‘Pure’ uncontaminated oats can be tolerated by the majority of people with coeliac disease.
If in doubt, check with your healthcare professional, or look in Coeliac Society of Irelands Food List.
What foods should be checked carefully?
- Sausages and burgers
- Processed cheese and meat
- Ready meals
- Sauces and gravies
- Herbal tea, carbonated drinks, milkshakes
Understanding food labels
Allergen labelling means that you can tell from the ingredients list whether a packaged food contains gluten. Always check the ingredient list. To help you make safe choices please check in the Coeliac Society of Ireland food list.
What about medicines?
Always check with your pharmacist that your prescribed medicine is gluten-free. That also includes vitamins, minerals and supplements too.